Trácia

A Civilização dos Selvagens

Rei: Trax
Cidades: Enos, Bistones, Cicones, Abantes e Ilíria
Idioma Local: Daco-Trácio

Como todos sabem, a região de Micenas teve toda a segunda raça da Era de Prata exterminada pelo dilúvio de Zeus. Esse dilúvio, no entanto, não atingiu as florestas da Trácia ou a região vizinha da Iliria, ambas dominadas pelos povos Hiperbóreos. Desde tempos imemoriais, essas regiões são habitadas por várias tribos selvagens que digladiam entre si e vandalizam o mundo civilizado.

Recentemente, surgiu um líder que conseguiu unir essas tribos sob o mesmo teto de algo próximo de um reino. O nome desse líder é Trax, filho de Ares. Os líderes de Micenas têm conseguido negociar a paz com o novo líder dos selvagens. Esses tratados têm sido cumpridos embora muitos critiquem essas negociações. Dizem que um valor exagerado está sendo atribuído ao líder bárbaro. Afinal, as fronteiras do seu reino foram desenhadas de improviso por Trax, que parecia ter sido apresentado a um mapa pela primeira vez. Muitos acreditam que esse jogo político que Trax está realizando não durará muito tempo e logo retomará às suas origens selvagens atacando o povo de Micenas.

 

Sociedade

Para o povo de Micenas, colocar a Trácia como parte do mundo civilizado é uma hipocrisia de enormes proporções. Dizer que a Trácia é um reino parece ser uma piada de mau-gosto. Pode parecer exagero, mas essas afirmações não podem ser consideradas totalmente erradas. A verdade é que a recém-nascida Trácia é uma aliança de tribos bárbaras. Os trácios não possuem uma escrita bem estabelecida. E raros são ostrácios que sabem escrever ou mesmo falar a língua de Micenas. A literatura e a escultura são inexistentes. A pintura não passa de rabiscos pré-históricos.

O povo da Trácia possui uma aparência suja e mal-cuidada. A higiene pessoal praticamente inexiste. Eles vivem da caça, da coleta de frutas e da guerra. Poucas são as tribos que conhecem a agricultura. O exército da Trácia é completamente composto pela sua infantaria. Os seus soldados são considerados os mais violentos e temidos de toda a Micenas. Marinheiros, cavaleiros e arqueiros existem, mas são bastante raros.

 

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot 1796 – 1875

Fobo, Deimo e Adrestia

Esses são os irmãos de Trax nascidos da união do deus Ares com a deusa Afrodite. Eles são os generais dos exércitos da Trácia. E compartilham entre si de uma insaciável sede de sangue e violência. Eles não entendem a paz criada por seu irmão e o pressionam para a guerra.

Fobo e Deimo são as representações do medo e do terror que eles criam nos seus adversários. A ferocidade dos dois nos combates faz jus à descendência de Ares e a beleza de seus movimentos revela a descendência de Afrodite.

Adrestia é uma poderosa guerreira que poucos são capazes de derrotar. Ela é a pura personificação da vingança e do desejo por destruição. É aquela que mais pressiona o líder Trax a atacar o débil povo de Micenas.

 

Ilírio

Uma grande guerra entre as tribos Enquéleas e Galacianos persistiu por séculos na região oeste da Trácia. Ela se encerrou quando o próprio deus da guerra enviou um campeão para tomar um dos lados. Seu nome era Cádmo. Ele conseguiu encerrar o conflito lutando junto aos Enquéleas e expulsou a tribo contrária. O heroico Cádmo foi aclamado como rei dos Enqueleanos. No entanto, ele não aceitou a grande honra. Partiu em seguida, deixando seu filho Ilírio como rei da região.

Esses eventos aconteceram há muito tempo atrás. O rei Ilírio hoje ultrapassa os oitenta anos de idade. É um ancião. Infelizmente, ele nunca poderia imaginar que o momento mais crítico do seu governo ocorreria tão tarde em sua vida. A ascensão do rei Trax foi devastadora para seu povo. Tudo começou quando o rei dos selvagens atacou o povoado liderado por seu filho Dardano. Matou homens, mulheres e crianças. Não sobrou ninguém.

O rei Ilírio jurou vingança. Passou os últimos dez anos de seu governo na defensiva enquanto preparava um ataque contra o invasor. Decidiu que Trax não conquistaria as terras ilirianas tão facilmente. Para isso, forjou uma aliança com o rei exilado Abas e o guerreiro Eumolpo de Eulêsis, que hoje vivem em Micenas, para contra-atacar. Assim, como instruiu seus doze filhos a fugirem e se espalharem pela floresta com os sobreviventes, caso o pior aconteça.

 

Abas

Abas, filho dos oceanidas Alfeu e Aretusa, foi um dos poucos líderes que se opuseram ao regime de Trax. No entanto, os guerreiros Abatianos de sua tribo foram incapazes de vencer as forças do exército de Ares. Eles tiveram de fugir para a grande ilha de Eubéia no mar Egeu, ao leste da Attica, onde foram recebidos pelo rei Nauplio.

Apesar de estarem vivendo bem na ilha de Eubéia, os Abatianos desejam remover Trax do poder. Eles têm preparado seus exércitos para uma nova guerra. Para este fim, Abas é constantemente visto entre as capitais de Micenas convencendo seus líderes a destituir a trégua e destronar Trax do poder.

 

Sebastiano del Piombo 1485 – 1547

Tereu

Tereu também é filho do deus Ares, mas nem todos os filhos da guerra são parte do exército de Trax. Isso não significa que ele tenha um coração bom. Pelo contrário, Tereu é um psicopata perigoso. Muito pior do que seus irmãos guerreiros.

Tereu é casado com Procne com quem tem um filho. Mas ele sempre nutriu desejo pela sua cunhada Filomena. Respeitando a irmã, a bela Filomena nunca alimentou as investidas de Tereu. No entanto, as constantes rejeições afloraram seu lado psicopata. Num negro dia, Tereu violentou Filomena e, ainda hoje, a mantém prisioneira nos subterrâneos de sua casa.

Tereu contou a Procne que sua irmã estava morta e seu corpo havia sido levado pelas correntezas. Enquanto isso, Filomena continua em seu terrível cárcere, impossibilitada de se comunicar com o mundo exterior e constatemente violentada por esse homem doentio. Ela tem tentado enviar cartas a sua irmã para que possa ser salva, mas até o momento esses avisos não chegaram a Procne.

 

Orfeu

Orfeu tem a titã Caliope, a musa da poesia heroica como sua mãe e o selvagem rei Eagro das terras da Trácia como pai. Desde cedo Orfeu mostrou incrível habilidade com a Lira. Os seus dons cresceram imensamente depois de conhecer o irmão mais velho Lino. Este foi o maior músico de Micenas até ser assassinado por Héracles em Tebas.

Os dois irmãos mantiveram o contato por anos, influenciando um ao outro. No entanto, quando o líder Trax conquistou sua terra natal, a vida de Orfeu mudou drasticamente. Trax marchou sobre sua tribo paterna de Edonia e assassinou seu pai Eagro. Assim, o herói foi obrigado a fugir para o Hélade.

Orfeu possui uma extrema habilidade com sua lira capaz de encantar todos à sua volta. Hoje, é ele quem está encantado pela bela ninfa Euridice. Está perdidamente apaixonado por ela embora ainda se considere muito jovem para o matrimônio. E, enquanto percorre Micenas sobrepujando o talento e a fama do famoso irmão, a bela Euridice o aguarda.

 

Agrio

Filho de Gaia, foi morto pelas Moerae com clavas de bronze.

Orius 3. Son of a bear and Polyphonte, and brother of Agrius 2 (see above). Orius 3 was, like his brother Agrius 6, a powerful giant who did not honour the gods and who devoured men. He was turned into a bird by Hermes (Lib.Met.21).

Agassamenus. King of the Thracians in the island of Strongyle. He married Pancratis after her suitors Hecetorus and Sicelus 1 had killed each other. Or else he and Sicelus 1 were the sons of Hecetorus and they killed each other for Pancratis, daughter of Aloeus 1, son of Poseidon [Dio.5.50.6; Parth.19].

Antagoras. On his return from Troy the six ships fleet of Heracles 1 encountered a storm and was driven to the island of Cos. There, seeing a shepherd tending his sheep, he asked for one ram. But the shepherd Antagoras replied that only if Heracles 1 could defeat him in wrestling he would allow him to carry off a ram. However, in spite of this agreement the Meropes came to help Antagoras and Heracles 1‘s men their captain, and a mighty battle ensued. Feeling that he could not cope with his adversaries Heracles 1 fled to the house of a Thracian woman where he, disguised as a female, escaped detection [Plu.GQ.58].

Eurynome 7. A woman from Lemnos, whom Pheme, in the shape of Neaera 5, visited, telling her that her husband Codrus 2 had taken a Thracian wife [Val.2.136ff.].

Butes 6 was a Thracian, son of Boreas 1 [see WINDS]. He plotted against his brother Lycurgus 8, and had to go in exile. After having made his way through the Cyclades, Butes 6 and his companions came to Thessaly, where they met the MAENADS who fled in fright. Butes 6 could anyway seize Coronis 3, who gave later birth to Hippodamia 4. But she, angry at him for having been so insolently seized, called upon Dionysus 2, who drove Butes 6 mad, and he, throwing himself into a well, met his death [Dio.4.70.3, 5.50.2, 5.50.5].

Charops 4. This is the man who informed Dionysus 2 of the plot of King Lycurgus 1 of Thrace against him. Dionysus 2 conquered the Thracians in a battle and killed Lycurgus 1. When he had done this Dionysus 2, out of gratitude to Charops 4, passed on the kingdom of the Thracians to him and instructed him in the secret rites connected with the initiations. Later Charops 4‘s son Oeagrus took over both the kingdom and the initiatory rites. Charops 4 is the grandfather of Orpheus[Dio.3.65.4ff.].

Codrus 2 was a man from Lemnos, whose wife Eurynome 7 was visited by Pheme in the shape of Neaera 5, who told her that her husband had taken a Thracian wife [Val.2.136ff.].

Harpalycus 2. Father of Harpalyce 1 [see above]. This Thracian king educated his daughter as a man, training her in arms, since he expected her to be his successor. He was severely wounded when Neoptolemus, returning from Troy, attacked the country, but was saved through the intrevention of his daughter, who put the enemy to flight. Later Harpalycus 2 was killed during an insurrection of the citizens [Hyg.Fab.193].

Hippodamia 4 (Deidamia 3). This is the bride of Pirithous whom the CENTAURS attempted to violate at her wedding party. She was the daughter of Butes 6, a Thracian son of Boreas 1 (the North Wind [see WINDS]). By Pirithous she had a son Polypoetes 1, who fought at Troy. It was after her death that Pirithous came to Athens and persuaded Theseus to seize and carry off Helen [Apd.Ep.1.21; Dio.4.63.1-2, 4.70.3 ].

Hypsipyle. When the Lemnian women decided to kill their husbands and all men in Lemnos because of their having taken Thracian wives, Hypsipyle became their queen. It was then that the ARGONAUTS came to the island and Hypsipyle, having consorted with Jason, gave birth to Euneus 1 and Nebrophonus 1, or to Euneus 1 and Deipylus 2, or to Euneus 1 and Thoas 9. When later it became known that Hypsipyle secretly had spared her father Thoas 3 she was sold into slavery by the Lemnian women. That is how she came to Nemea (a city in northern Argolis) where she became the nurse of King Lycurgus 3‘s son Opheltes 1. When the SEVEN AGAINST THEBEScame to Nemea looking for water, Hypsipyle showed them the way to a spring, and doing so she left behind the little prince Opheltes 1 who was killed by a serpent, or as some say, devoured by a dragon. Her son Euneus 1 became afterwards King of Lemnos, and is known for having sent ships from the island with cargoes of wine for the Achaeans during the Trojan War [AO.479; Apd.1.9.17, 3.6.4; Hyg.Fab.15; Stat.Theb.4.721, 5.29ff., 5.38, 6.342; Val.2.244ff.].

Ismarus 2 (Immaradus) was son of Eumolpus 1 and like his father he was killed by Erechtheus during the war between Athens and Eleusis. Eumolpus 1 had previously inherited a Thracian kingdom from Tegyrius, and the latter’s daughter had married Ismarus 2 [Apd.3.15.4; Pau.1.27.4].

Lathusa. A friend of Procne who facilitated the reunion of Philomela 1 and Procne. She was married to Lynceus 4, a Thracian king [see also Tereus 1] [Hyg.Fab.45].

Lycurgus 8. A Thracian king, son of Boreas 1 [see WINDS]. He was plotted against by his brother Butes 6 but discovering his conspiracy sent him into exile [Dio.5.50.1-2].

Methon. A Thracian, ancestor of Orpheus [Plu.GQ.11].

Neaera 5. A woman from Lemnos, whose shape Pheme took when she visited Eurynome 7 to warn her about her husband having taken a Thracian wife [Val.2.141].

Nymphe 2. Mother, by Zeus, of Saon 2, a Samothracian [Dio.5.48.1].

Oeagrus joined Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign at the time Orpheus was still a little child. But this Thracian king is best remembered for being the father of the great minstrel Orpheus, whom Calliope, the eldest of the MUSES, bore him; by her he was also father of Linus 4, who taught Heracles 1 to play the lyre and was killed by his disciple with a blow of the lyre. Oeagrus, some say, was also father of Marsyas, whom he had by Hyagnis, the inventor of the music of the double pipes. Oeagrus was son either of Ares or of Charops 4, the man who told Dionysus 2 of the plot of Lycurgus 1 against him [Apd.1.3.2; Dio.3.65.6; Hyg.Fab.14, 165; Nonn.10.233, 13.428, 22.190].

Pancratis. Daughter of Aloeus 1 (son of Poseidon) and Iphimedia. For Pancratis sake, some say, her suitors Sicelus 1 and Hecetorus killed each other. Others say that Sicelus 1 and Agassamenus were the children of Hecetorus, and and that they killed each other for her. But if Sicelus 1 and Hecetorus did kill each other, then Pancratis married Agassamenus, king of the Thracians in the island of Strongyle [Dio.5.50.6; Parth.19].

Penthilus 1 was a bastard son of Orestes 2, his mother being Erigone 1, daughter of Aegisthus and Clytaemnestra (Erigone 1 was Orestes 2‘s half sister). Penthilus 1 led the Aeolian colonisation in Asia Minor, which preceded the Ionian by four generations, advancing as far as Thrace sixty years after the Trojan War, about the time of the return of the HERACLIDES to the Peloponnesus. Penthilus 1 had sons, Echelas and Damasius [Pau.2.18.6, 3.2.1, 5.4.3; Strab.13.1.3-4].

Phoenix 1 gave up the search for Europa and settled in Phoenicia, which was called after him [see also Europa and Cadmus]. Phoenix 1 was son either of Agenor 1 & Telephassa, or of Belus 1 & Anchinoe, or of Agenor 1 & Argiope 2. Agenor 1 was son either of Poseidon and Libya, or of Belus 1 and Anchinoe. Telephassa settled in Thrace with Cadmus during their search for Europa. Belus 1 is son of Poseidon and Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io. By Alphesiboea 2 he fathered Europa, Cepheus 1, and Adonis; or else he was father of Astypalea and Europa by Perimede 3. It is also said that by Cassiopea 3, daughter of Arabius, Phoenix 1 became father of Phineus 2. Cepheus 1 is father of Andromeda, and Perimede 3 is daughter of Oeneus 4 [Apd.2.1.4, 3.1.1, 3.14.3; Hes.CWE.20; Hyg.Ast.2.9; Hyg.Fab.6; Nonn.3.296; Pau.7.4.1].

Phyllis 1. Daughter of the king of the Thracian Bisaltians, to whom Demophon 1, son of Theseus, made false love promises. It is told that on his return from TroyDemophon 1 came with a few ships to Thrace. There he became the lover of the king’s daughter Phyllis 1, and her father gave her to him with the kingdom for her dowry. However, the wedding could not take place immediately because Demophon 1 wished to return to Athens, but he swore to return. When he departed Phyllis 1, who was desperately in love with this man, made with him part of the road and when they parted company she gave him an enchanted casket containing a sacrament of the Mother of the Gods, which he was not to open until he knew for certain that he would not return to Thrace. Some say that he should had returned on an appointed day, and that on that day Phyllis 1 ran down to the shore nine times to see whether his sail showed up. When it became clear that Demophon 1 would not return, she hanged herself after cursing her lover. It is also said, however, that she died out of longing for him, and that round the tomb that her parents made for her, trees sprang that, at a certain season, grieve for her, their leaves growing dry and blowing away. And then again some say she prepared her own epitaph: “Demophon sent Phyllis to her doom. Her guest he was, she loved him well. He was the cause that brought her death to pass. Her own the hand by which she fell.” [Ovid, Heroides 2.145]. In any case it is said that she thought that this would be a good inscription to be written under the image of Demophon 1 in Athens: “This is he whose wiles betrayed the hostess that loved him.” [Ovid, Heroides 2.75]. By the time Phyllis 1 died Demophon 1 was in Cyprus, and so soon he opened the casket she had given him he felt invaded by panic. So, out of control, he mounted his horse, and when the animal stumbled he was thrown, fell on his sword and died [Apd.Ep.6.16, Col.216; Hyg.Fab.59, 243; Ov.Her.2; Prop.2.25.44].

Poltys. An Aenian who entertained Heracles 1 when he came to Aenus in Thrace. He was son of Poseidon [Apd.2.5.9].

Polymestor 1 (Polymnestor). This is the king of the Bistonians in Thrace who should have taken care of Polydorus 3, whom his father Priam 1 had sent far away from the Trojan War, but who, tempted by the treasure Polydorus 3 had brought, killed him. For along with Polydorus 3Priam 1 sent to Thrace a secret store of gold, which, if ever Troy should fall, could help to rescue the remains of his house. While Troy stood firm and was still strong, Polydorus 3 lived a happy life in King Polymestor 1‘s palace. But when Hector 1 and King Priam 1 himself were killed and Troy was sacked, Polymestor 1, in order to get the Trojan gold, murdered his guest, throwing his body into the sea. The corpse of Polydorus 3 appeared in the shore, close to the place where the Achaean army was encamped, and delivered to his mother, the former Queen of Troy, who was now a prisoner. Warned by a dream Hecabe 1 understood who the murderer was and which his motive. And wishing to avenge his son, she planned the ruin of this false and perjured friend who had committed such a black treachery, without fearing the powers below nor those above. For this purpose she sent a messenger to Polymestor 1, begging him to come and bring his sons, so that all would listen to something she had to tell them. Agamemnon was fully informed by Hecabe 1 of the crime perpetrated by Polymestor 1 and having at the moment the queen’s daughter Cassandra lying by his side in bed, was inclined to put things aright, even though he was reluctant to invite criticism from the Achaeans, who regarded Polymestor 1 as an ally. In any case Agamemnon did not oppose her and provided the messenger with safe-conduct through the camp. Then Hecabe 1 fabricated a story about a store of gold buried long ago in the place in Troy where once Athena‘s temple stood, asking Polymestor 1 to take charge of some items, belonging to that treasure, which she had brought with her when leaving Troy, and that now were hidden in her tent. Lured by her tales of gold treasured by Priam 1‘s family, the Thracian king and his two sons were brought alone into the tent, where they were murdered by Hecabe 1 and the Trojan women that were with her. Yet others have said that when Polydorus 3 was born, his father Priam 1 gave him to his daughter Iliona, who was married to King Polymestor 1. Iliona, who was Polydorus 3‘s sister, brought him up as her own son; and the son Deipylus 1 that she had by Polymestor 1, she brought as if he were her brother, thinking that if anything happened to either of them, she could give the other to her parents at Troy. Now, when Troy was sacked, the Achaeans purposed to destroy the house of Priam 1 and that is why, they say, they murdered little Astyanax 2, the son of Hector 1. With regard to Polydorus 3 the Achaeans sent messengers to King Polymestor 1, promising him Electra 2, daughter of Agamemnon, in marriage, together with a large amount of gold, if he would kill Polydorus 3. Polymnestor 1, they say, found the offer attractive and slew his own son Deipylus 1 unwittingly, thinking he had killed Polydorus 3. In the meantime this young man had gone to the Oracle at Delphi and, having inquired about his parents, he learned that his city was burned, his father dead, and his mother held in servitude. When Polydorus 3 returned home to Thrace, not knowing that he came originally from Troy and believing Polymestor 1 and Iliona to be his parents, he thought that the Oracle had spoken falsely. However, his sister Iliona, who later committed suicide on account of the misfortunes of her family, revealed the truth and, following her advice, Polydorus 3 blinded Polymestor 1 and killed him [Eur.Hec.24 and passim.; Hyg.Fab.109, 240; Ov.Met.13.430ff.; Prop.3.13.55].

Rhodope offended the gods and was turned into a mountain in Thrace [Ov.Met.6.83].

Saon 2 (Samon). A Samothracian, the first settler of the island, which was called after him and the name of Thrace (Samothrace in the northern Aegean Sea). Saon 2was son either of Zeus and Nymphe 2, or of Hermes and Rhene 2 [DH.1.61.3â Dio.5.48.1].

Sarpedon 2. A lewd fellow, as they say, and son of Poseidon. He was killed by Heracles 1 at Aenus (Thrace) [Apd.2.5.9].

Sithon 2. King of the Odomanti who had an incestuous love for his daughter Pallene. At first he challenged all who came to woo her to fight with him for the girl, and in this manner caused the destruction of a considerable number (among which Merops 5 and Periphetes 5). But later he let two of her suitors fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Finally he was killed by Dionysus 2 who held him responsible for the death of his daughter’s wooers [Nonn.48.113, 48.183, 48.205; Parth.6.1-3]. According to some [Con.10] Sithon 2 was king of the Thracian Chersonesus and son of Poseidon and Ossa. He was father of Pallene by a nymph, Mendeis.

Tegyrius. King of Thrace, who gave his daughter in marriage to Ismarus 2. Eumolpus 1, father of Ismarus 2, succeeded Tegyrius on the throne [Apd.3.15.4].

Telephassa went with Cadmus in search of Europa and settled in Thrace. Her children by Agenor 1 were: EuropaCadmus, Phoenix 1, and Cilix [Apd.3.1.1].

Thamyris 1. A Thracian who loved Hyacinthus 1; he is said to have been the first man to fall in love with males. He excelled in minstrelsy and engaged in a musical contest with the MUSES; but having lost, they took his eyes and minstrelsy, and besides he is still being punished in Hades for his boast against the goddesses. Conon says that Thamyris 1 became king of the Scythians on account on his skill in cithara-playing. Thamyris 1 was son of Philammon (son of Apollo) and Argiope 3 (one of the NYMPHS) [see also CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.1.3.3; Con.7; Eur.Rhe.925; Hom.Il.2.595; Hyg.Ast.2.6; Pau.4.33.7, 10.30.8].

Thasus sailed from Phoenicia in search of his sister Europa but, not founding her, he settled in Thasos, the northernmost large island in the Aegean Sea off Thrace, where he founded a city. Thasus was son of Agenor 1, his mother being either Telephassa or Argiope 2. Or else he was son of Cilix, or else of Poseidon [Apd.3.1.1; Nonn.2.684; Pau.5.25.12].

Thyotes. Samothracian priest who received the ARGONAUTS [Val.2.438].

Arganthone is the famous huntress from Cius, a city in northern Mysia near Mount Arganthonius (Turkish city of Gemlik), who fell in love with Rhesus 2, the chieftain who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day after his arrival. When she heard that Rhesus 2 had perished, she let herself starve to death [Parth.36].

Carnabon. King of the Getae in Thrace who came into power when grain was first given to men [see also Lyncus, and CONSTELLATIONS] [Hyg.Ast.2.14].

Clitus 4. In Thrace one of the suitors of Pallene, daughter of Sithon 2, who used to challenge and kill his daughter’s suitors. However, when Clitus 4 came, Sithon 2‘s vigour had begun to fail him. That is why he decided that two suitors (Dryas 6 and Clitus 4) would fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Pallene, being in love with Clitus 4, had one of the chariot-drivers bribed, so that the chariot of Dryas 6 would fail him; and when this happened Clitus 4 killed his contender and married Pallene [Parth.6.3-6].

Dardanus 1, grieved at his brother Iasion’s death, left Samothrace and came to the country where the Teucrians dwelt, and called it Dardania. His descendants founded Troy. Dardanus 1 is son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. By Chryse 3, daughter of Pallas 8, he became father of Idaeus 4 and Deimas. By Batia 1 (daughter of Teucer 1, son of Scamander 1, one of the RIVER GODS) he became father of Ilus 1, Erichthonius 1, and Zacynthus. Others have said that his wife was Olizone, daughter of Phineus 2, and that by her he had Erichthonius 1 [Apd.3.12.1-2; Col.286; DH.1.50.3, 1.61.2; Dictys 4.22; Dio.4.75.1, 5.48.2; Hyg.Ast.2.21; Hyg.Fab.155; Nonn.3.195; Ov.Fast.4.31, 4.33; QS.2.141, 13.558; Vir.Aen.8.134].

Diomedes 1. King of the Bistonians in Thrace and notorious owner of man-eating mares. One of HERACLES 1‘S LABOURS was to bring these mares from Thrace to Mycenae. Diomedes 1 was killed by Heracles 1 or, as they say, devoured by his mares. He was the son of Ares and Cyrene, daughter of Hypseus 1, son of Peneus, one of the RIVER GODS [see also HERACLES 1‘S LABOURS] [Apd.2.5.8; Dio.4.15.2].

Eetion 3Achilles sold Lycaon 1, whom he had taken prisoner, to Euneus 1, king of Lemnos, but Eetion 3 of Imbros (the island in northern Aegean Sea south of Samothrace) paid a great ransom for him and sent him to Arisbe, a city in the Troad. However, twelve days afterward Lycaon 1 fell once more into the hands of Achilles[Hom.Il.21.43].

Eioneus 2. Father of Rhesus 2, who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day after his arrival. Some say that Eioneus 2 is the previous name of Strymon 1 (one of the RIVER GODS) [Con.4; Hom.Il.10.435].

Emathion 4. King of Samothrace (the island in the northern Aegean Sea) after his brother Dardanus 1. He is said to have sent an army of shield-men to join Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign. Emathion 4 is son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES [Nonn.3.186, 13.395].

Haemus 1 is said to have offended the gods, and for that reason turned into a mountain in Thrace [Ov.Met.6.83].

Iliona. Daughter of Priam 1, wife of the treacherous Polymestor 1 and mother by him of Deipylus 1. When Polydorus 3 was born, his father Priam 1 gave him to his daughter Iliona, who was then married to King Polymestor 1 of Thrace. Iliona brought her brother up as her own son; and the son Deipylus 1 that she had by Polymestor 1, she brought as if he were her brother, thinking that if anything happened to either of them, she could give the other to her parents at Troy. Now, when Troy was sacked, the Achaeans, purposing to destroy the house of Priam 1, murdered little Astyanax 2, the son of Hector 1; and with regard to Polydorus 3 the Achaeans sent messengers to King Polymestor 1, promising him Electra 2, daughter of Agamemnon, in marriage, together with a large amount of gold, if he would kill Polydorus 3. Polymnestor 1 found the offer attractive but unwittingly slew his own son Deipylus 1, thinking he was killing Polydorus 3. In the meantime this young man had gone to the Oracle at Delphi and, having inquired about his parents, he learned that his city was burned, his father dead, and his mother held in servitude. But when he returned home to Thrace, still not knowing about his Trojan origin and believing Polymestor 1 and Iliona to be his parents, he thought that the Oracle had spoken falsely. However, his sister Iliona, who later committed suicide on account of the misfortunes of her family, revealed the truth and, following her advice, Polydorus 3 blinded Polymestor 1 and killed him [see also Hecabe 1] [Hyg.Fab.109, 243; Vir.Aen.1.653].

Laodice 3. The fairest of the daughters of Priam 1 and Hecabe 1. It is said that at the end of the Trojan War she was swallowed up by a chasm in the earth in the sight of all. Laodice 3 married Helicaon 1 (counted among the TROJANS), and she is said to have married both Telephus and Acamas 1 (son of Theseus); by Acamas 1 she had a son Munitus, who was killed by the bite of a snake while hunting at Olynthus in Thrace [Apd.3.12.5; Apd.Ep.5.23; Hom.Il.3.123; Hyg.Fab.90, 101; Parth.16.4; QS.13.545; Try.660].

Lynceus 4. King in Thrace, to whom Tereus 1 gave Philomela 1 after having raped her [see Tereus 1]. He was married to Lathusa, friend of Procne, Philomela 1‘s sister [Hyg.Fab.45].

Maron 1. A priest of Apollo from Ismarus, a city of the Ciconians (people living on the southwestern coast of Thrace), which Odysseus pillaged during his return from the Trojan War, and the only one whom Odysseus spared. Maron 1 was son of Evanthes 1, son of Oenopion 1, son of Ariadne [Apd.Ep.7.2; Hes.CWE.86; Hom.Od.9.197].

Munitus. Son of Acamas 1 (son of Theseus) and Laodice 3, daughter of Priam 1. Munitus was killed by the bite of a snake while hunting at Olynthus in Thrace [Parth.16.4].

Agave 2. Daughter of Cadmus & Harmonia 1. When Dionysus 2 came to Thebes, he forced the women to abandon their houses and rave in Bacchic frenzy on Mount Cithaeron. As her son Pentheus 1, whom she had by the Sparti Echion 2 [see SPARTI], attempted to put a stop to these proceedings, he was torn limb from limb by his mother. She also killed king Lycotherses of Illyria, after having consorted with him, and gave the kingdom to her father [see also Pentheus 1]. Agave 2 had also a daughter Epirus [Apd.3.4.2, 3.5.2; Eur.Bacc. 1233 and passim; Hes.The.976; Hyg.Fab.184, 254; Nonn.5.199; Parth.32.4].

Euryalus 9. Son of Odysseus and Evippe 5, a woman of Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria [Albania]). When he was a grown-up man his mother sent him to Ithaca to meet his father, but Penelope, having learned of her husband’s affair with Evippe 5, persuaded Odysseus, before he knew the facts of the case, to kill Euryalus 9, whom Odysseus thought to be engaged in a plot against him [Parth.3.1-3].

Evippe 5. Woman from Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria), daughter of Tyrimmas and mother, by Odysseus, of Euryalus 9 [Parth.3.1].

Lycotherses. King of Illyria (the region north of Epirus) whom Cadmus‘ daughter Agave 2 killed handing the kingdom over to her father [see also Cadmus] [Hyg.Fab.184, 240, 254].

Messapius led the Illyrians into Italy together with three sons of Lycaon 2 [Lib.Met.31].

Molossus, son of Neoptolemus and Andromache, inherited the kingdom of Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria, i.e. Albania) after the death of Helenus 1 [Apd.Ep.6.12; Eur.And.passim; Pau.1.11.1-2].

Phalaecus. A tyrant in Ambracia, Epirus (the Adriatic coastal region of Greece between the Ambracian Gulf and Illyria–Albania), who was killed by a lioness sent by Artemis [Lib.Met.4].