Harpalycus 2.

Father of Harpalyce 1 [see above]. This Thracian king educated his daughter as a man, training her in arms, since he expected her to be his successor. He was severely wounded when Neoptolemus, returning from Troy, attacked the country, but was saved through the intrevention of his daughter, who put the enemy to flight. Later Harpalycus 2 was killed during an insurrection of the citizens [Hyg.Fab.193].

Hippodamia 4 (Deidamia 3). This is the bride of Pirithous whom the CENTAURS attempted to violate at her wedding party. She was the daughter of Butes 6, a Thracian son of Boreas 1 (the North Wind [see WINDS]). By Pirithous she had a son Polypoetes 1, who fought at Troy. It was after her death that Pirithous came to Athens and persuaded Theseus to seize and carry off Helen [Apd.Ep.1.21; Dio.4.63.1-2, 4.70.3 ].


Methon. A Thracian, ancestor of Orpheus [Plu.GQ.11].

Nymphe 2. Mother, by Zeus, of Saon 2, a Samothracian [Dio.5.48.1].


Phyllis 1. Daughter of the king of the Thracian Bisaltians, to whom Demophon 1, son of Theseus, made false love promises. It is told that on his return from TroyDemophon 1 came with a few ships to Thrace. There he became the lover of the king’s daughter Phyllis 1, and her father gave her to him with the kingdom for her dowry. However, the wedding could not take place immediately because Demophon 1 wished to return to Athens, but he swore to return. When he departed Phyllis 1, who was desperately in love with this man, made with him part of the road and when they parted company she gave him an enchanted casket containing a sacrament of the Mother of the Gods, which he was not to open until he knew for certain that he would not return to Thrace. Some say that he should had returned on an appointed day, and that on that day Phyllis 1 ran down to the shore nine times to see whether his sail showed up. When it became clear that Demophon 1 would not return, she hanged herself after cursing her lover. It is also said, however, that she died out of longing for him, and that round the tomb that her parents made for her, trees sprang that, at a certain season, grieve for her, their leaves growing dry and blowing away. And then again some say she prepared her own epitaph: “Demophon sent Phyllis to her doom. Her guest he was, she loved him well. He was the cause that brought her death to pass. Her own the hand by which she fell.” [Ovid, Heroides 2.145]. In any case it is said that she thought that this would be a good inscription to be written under the image of Demophon 1 in Athens: “This is he whose wiles betrayed the hostess that loved him.” [Ovid, Heroides 2.75]. By the time Phyllis 1 died Demophon 1 was in Cyprus, and so soon he opened the casket she had given him he felt invaded by panic. So, out of control, he mounted his horse, and when the animal stumbled he was thrown, fell on his sword and died [Apd.Ep.6.16, Col.216; Hyg.Fab.59, 243; Ov.Her.2; Prop.2.25.44].

Poltys. An Aenian who entertained Heracles 1 when he came to Aenus in Thrace. He was son of Poseidon [Apd.2.5.9].

Saon 2 (Samon). A Samothracian, the first settler of the island, which was called after him and the name of Thrace (Samothrace in the northern Aegean Sea). Saon 2was son either of Zeus and Nymphe 2, or of Hermes and Rhene 2 [DH.1.61.3â Dio.5.48.1].

Sarpedon 2. A lewd fellow, as they say, and son of Poseidon. He was killed by Heracles 1 at Aenus (Thrace) [Apd.2.5.9].

Sithon 2. King of the Odomanti who had an incestuous love for his daughter Pallene. At first he challenged all who came to woo her to fight with him for the girl, and in this manner caused the destruction of a considerable number (among which Merops 5 and Periphetes 5). But later he let two of her suitors fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Finally he was killed by Dionysus 2 who held him responsible for the death of his daughter’s wooers [Nonn.48.113, 48.183, 48.205; Parth.6.1-3]. According to some [Con.10] Sithon 2 was king of the Thracian Chersonesus and son of Poseidon and Ossa. He was father of Pallene by a nymph, Mendeis.

Clitus 4. In Thrace one of the suitors of Pallene, daughter of Sithon 2, who used to challenge and kill his daughter’s suitors. However, when Clitus 4 came, Sithon 2‘s vigour had begun to fail him. That is why he decided that two suitors (Dryas 6 and Clitus 4) would fight one another with the girl as the prize of victory. Pallene, being in love with Clitus 4, had one of the chariot-drivers bribed, so that the chariot of Dryas 6 would fail him; and when this happened Clitus 4 killed his contender and married Pallene [Parth.6.3-6].

Tegyrius. King of Thrace, who gave his daughter in marriage to Ismarus 2. Eumolpus 1, father of Ismarus 2, succeeded Tegyrius on the throne [Apd.3.15.4].

Telephassa went with Cadmus in search of Europa and settled in Thrace. Her children by Agenor 1 were: EuropaCadmus, Phoenix 1, and Cilix [Apd.3.1.1].

Thamyris 1. A Thracian who loved Hyacinthus 1; he is said to have been the first man to fall in love with males. He excelled in minstrelsy and engaged in a musical contest with the MUSES; but having lost, they took his eyes and minstrelsy, and besides he is still being punished in Hades for his boast against the goddesses. Conon says that Thamyris 1 became king of the Scythians on account on his skill in cithara-playing. Thamyris 1 was son of Philammon (son of Apollo) and Argiope 3 (one of the NYMPHS) [see also CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.1.3.3; Con.7; Eur.Rhe.925; Hom.Il.2.595; Hyg.Ast.2.6; Pau.4.33.7, 10.30.8].

Thasus sailed from Phoenicia in search of his sister Europa but, not founding her, he settled in Thasos, the northernmost large island in the Aegean Sea off Thrace, where he founded a city. Thasus was son of Agenor 1, his mother being either Telephassa or Argiope 2. Or else he was son of Cilix, or else of Poseidon [Apd.3.1.1; Nonn.2.684; Pau.5.25.12].

Thyotes. Samothracian priest who received the ARGONAUTS [Val.2.438].

Arganthone is the famous huntress from Cius, a city in northern Mysia near Mount Arganthonius (Turkish city of Gemlik), who fell in love with Rhesus 2, the chieftain who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day after his arrival. When she heard that Rhesus 2 had perished, she let herself starve to death [Parth.36].

Carnabon. King of the Getae in Thrace who came into power when grain was first given to men [see also Lyncus, and CONSTELLATIONS] [Hyg.Ast.2.14].


Dardanus 1, grieved at his brother Iasion’s death, left Samothrace and came to the country where the Teucrians dwelt, and called it Dardania. His descendants founded Troy. Dardanus 1 is son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES. By Chryse 3, daughter of Pallas 8, he became father of Idaeus 4 and Deimas. By Batia 1 (daughter of Teucer 1, son of Scamander 1, one of the RIVER GODS) he became father of Ilus 1, Erichthonius 1, and Zacynthus. Others have said that his wife was Olizone, daughter of Phineus 2, and that by her he had Erichthonius 1 [Apd.3.12.1-2; Col.286; DH.1.50.3, 1.61.2; Dictys 4.22; Dio.4.75.1, 5.48.2; Hyg.Ast.2.21; Hyg.Fab.155; Nonn.3.195; Ov.Fast.4.31, 4.33; QS.2.141, 13.558; Vir.Aen.8.134].

Eetion 3Achilles sold Lycaon 1, whom he had taken prisoner, to Euneus 1, king of Lemnos, but Eetion 3 of Imbros (the island in northern Aegean Sea south of Samothrace) paid a great ransom for him and sent him to Arisbe, a city in the Troad. However, twelve days afterward Lycaon 1 fell once more into the hands of Achilles[Hom.Il.21.43].

Eioneus 2. Father of Rhesus 2, who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day after his arrival. Some say that Eioneus 2 is the previous name of Strymon 1 (one of the RIVER GODS) [Con.4; Hom.Il.10.435].


Laodice 3. The fairest of the daughters of Priam 1 and Hecabe 1. It is said that at the end of the Trojan War she was swallowed up by a chasm in the earth in the sight of all. Laodice 3 married Helicaon 1 (counted among the TROJANS), and she is said to have married both Telephus and Acamas 1 (son of Theseus); by Acamas 1 she had a son Munitus, who was killed by the bite of a snake while hunting at Olynthus in Thrace [Apd.3.12.5; Apd.Ep.5.23; Hom.Il.3.123; Hyg.Fab.90, 101; Parth.16.4; QS.13.545; Try.660].

Maron 1. A priest of Apollo from Ismarus, a city of the Ciconians (people living on the southwestern coast of Thrace), which Odysseus pillaged during his return from the Trojan War, and the only one whom Odysseus spared. Maron 1 was son of Evanthes 1, son of Oenopion 1, son of Ariadne [Apd.Ep.7.2; Hes.CWE.86; Hom.Od.9.197].


Efialtes e Oto

ALOADS. Sons either of Poseidon and Iphimedia, or of Aloeus 1 and Iphimedia. These are the Giants Ephialtes 2 and Otus 1, who sought to pull down heaven with their bare hands, and to overthrow Zeus. The ALOADS grew every year a cubit in breadth and a fathom in height. When they were nine years old, being nine cubits broad and nine fathoms high, they resolved to fight against the gods. So they set Mount Ossa on Olympus and Pelion on Ossa, threatening by means of these mountains to ascend up to heaven. They also said that by filling up the sea with the mountains they would make it dry land, and the land they would make sea. They were killed by Apollo (see also Zeus) (Apd.1.7.4; Hes.CWE.6; Hom.Od.11.305ff.; Hyg.Fab.28; Pau.9.22.6; Pin.Pyth.4.89; QS.1.516ff.; Stat.Theb.6.719; Vir.Aen.6.582ff.).


Os Aloades